Kraton Ratu Boko??is one of the fascinating ancient palace complex in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Unlike the other huge heritage of Borobudur and Prambanan temples, the Ratu Boko was destroyed – only some parts of the palace can be seen as parts of buildings. That is why it is not as famous as the other two temples.
Some facts about Ratu Boku from Wikipedia:
“Ratu Boko??is an??archaeological??site known to modern??Javanese??as??Kraton Ratu Boko??or Ratu Boko’s Palace. Ratu Boko is located on a plateau, about three kilometres south of Lara Jonggrang??Prambanan??temple complex in??Yogyakarta??Indonesia. The original name of this site is still unclear, however the local inhabitants named this site after King Boko, the legendary king mentioned in??Loro Jonggrang??folklore.
The site covers 16 hectares in two hamlets (Dawung??and??Sambireja) of the village of Bokoharjo and Prambanan. In striking contrast to other Classic-period sites in??Central Java??and??Yogyakarta, which are remains of??temples, Ratu Boko displays attributes of an occupation or??settlement??site, although its precise functions is unknown.??Probably the site was a palace complex which belongs to the kings of??Sailendra??or??Mataram Kingdom that also build temples scattered across??Prambanan Plain. The argument was based on the fact that this complex was not a temple nor building with religious nature, but a fortified palace instead which evidence in the remnant of fortified walls and the dry??moat??as defensive structures.??The remains of settlements also founds in Ratu Boko vicinity. This site is located 196 m above the sea level, on the highest point in the site, there is a small pavilion from which one will be able to see a panoramic view of Prambanan temple with??Mount Merapi??as the background.”
Consist of 2 gateway, The first gate is made of andesite, but the floor, stair wall are made of soft white limestone.
Paseban (Waiting Room)
Consist of 2 batur, eastern Paseban and western Paseban. The two Paseban are estimated facing each other, but its function is stuill unknown for certain. It is called Paseban by analogy wht hte palace at the present time. Paseban is a waiting room for guest who want to meet the King.
Pendopo (Public Audience Hall)
Pendopo is the public audience hall. It is one of the central building that had pillars and walls.??The base and roof is made of andesite but the body is made of white limestone. Inside the fence there are two batur. This two baturs are connected with corridor of andesite. Above pendopo’s batur there are 24 umpak which is the base of wooden pillars. Only stone base still remains while organic wooden material of the building is gone.??Since the pillars, walls and the roof was made from easily decayed material such as wood, sirap (wooden shingles roof), none of it survive.
Pool complex is divided into two parts, north and south. Both parts are separated by wall and connected with a gate. The north complex is rectangular and consists of 7 pools (5 large pool and 2 small pool). The south complex is consist of 28 pools (14 large round pool, 13 small round pools, and 1 small square pool).
Keputren (Women’s Quarter)
This structure is consist of 2 andesite Batur facing to west.
The Ratu Boko is an acient palace. The ruins are scattered and very less, because the palace would have been built of wood. Unlike Prambanan and Borubudur, this site has little to see. But like the other temples and palace in Yogyakarta, ??It showcases the rich architectural and cultural traditions of Indonesia. It also displays a blend of Hindu and Buddhist architectural elements indicating the extensive spread of both religions in Indonesia, once upon a time.